THE ROLE OF THE AGHA KHAN ARCHITECTURAL AWARDS IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF TURKISH REGIONALIST ARCHITECTURE

Abstract

Author(s): Alev ERARSLAN

With a design approach that prioritizes regional and socio-cultural data such as local climate and topography, local materials, local construction systems, local workforce and local culture and traditions, regionalist architecture became widespread throughout the world with the famous Egyptian architect Hassan Fathy. Initiated by architect Kemalettin Bey and his colleagues as a backlash against western architects and architectural styles, this movement influenced Turkish architecture in the early-20th century. Regionalist tendencies in Turkish architecture continued in response to modern architecture, which was the architectural ideology of the early-Republic era. In 1933, a prominent architect of the time, Sedad Hakk? Eldem, initiated a style called ‘National Architecture’ with the ‘National Architecture Seminar’ at the Academy (Sanayi-i Nefise Mektebi), which was to last until the 1950s. By the 1980s, regionalist approaches comprised of widespread discourse as a response to the quest for identity in Turkish architecture. During this era, the Agha Khan Architecture Awards emerged as a supportive factor for regionalist approaches. Turgut Cansever, Nail Çak?rhan and Cengiz Bekta? were amongst the architects who stood out with their regionalist attitudes. The objective of this article is to determine the contributions of the Agha Khan Architecture Award in the development of Turkish regional architecture.

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