RELIGOUS PLACES IN THE SECOND POST-CONSTITUTIONAL ERA TURKISH NOVEL

Abstract

Author(s): Ya?ar ??M?EK

Place has an important function in creating atmosphere in the novel, presenting the environment and introducing people. In novels, the concrete-abstract, open-closed aspects of religion-specific places are handled with their social and psychological extents. In this study, it is aimed to identify the prominent religious places and structures in the novels published in Second Post-Constitutional Era in Turkish literature. In this study, 50 novels published between 1908 and 1923 were analysed and findings related to the places specific to the Abrahamic religions in these novels were revealed. In the introduction part of the study, the relationship between novel and place is mentioned and the usage of religious places in the novel is emphasized. Afterwards, the religious places in Islam, Christianity and Judaism were examined and how these places were handled in the novels were discussed. In the conclusion, a short evaluation was made based on the findings. In the Second Post-Constitutional Era novels, it was seen that the religious places related to Islam predominated and that it was followed by the holy places of Christianity. It was observed that within the places specific to Islam, religious structures such as dervish lodges, dargahs, shrines and tombs, places of worship such as mosques and masjids and educational institutions such as madrasahs and schools appear in novels. Of places specific to Christians, churches and monasteries were mentioned, and Solomon’s Temple, which the Jews consider sacred, appeared only in one novel. In the Second Post-Constitutional Era novels, which social and political issues were predominantly addressed in, it was seen that the religious places were reflected with both concrete-social-real and abstract-psychological-symbolic aspects.

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