OSMANLI MPARATORLUU?NDA S逴GER AVI (1840-1912) SPONGE HUNT IN THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE (1840-1912)

Abstract

Author(s): Haydar ORUH

Started by the beginning of the 19 th century, the sponge hunt among the Ottoman geography was to be realized in the junction of the Mediterranean and Aegean Seas, consisting the shores of Anatolia, Cyprus, Syria, Egypt, Tripoli, Benghazi, Crete, Sporate islands, and other islands such as Symi, Chios, Mytilene, Kalymnos. The early Ottoman records on sponge hunt display the notion that the sponge hunters were largely non-Muslims. By 1840s and onwards, the sponge hunt became a severe problem especially with Greece. The technological advance and the firm stances of the both sides led to the signing of the “Agreement of Trade and Vessel Traffic” in 1897 and following, the sponge hunt was begun to be realized according to the conditions of the said agreement

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