FROM OTTOMAN TIMES TO CURRENT DAYS QUARENTINE INSTUTITION IN CYPRUS

Abstract

Author(s): Naz?m BERATLI

Till last two centuries have come, Cyprus was known as a source of epidemic maladies between Asia and Europe. Plaque, Leprea, Tiphoid Fevers, Malaria and Cholera were ilnesses which could be easily met in the island. Because, the island take place just at the cross roads between three continents and had never had a complicated health syt/stem till the British Period of the island had begun. Thus, Plaque of China or India, Leper of Egypt and Malaria as a native inhabitant of Cyprus, had transfered to tje orher partsi of the world with the pilgrims who had to visit the island on the way of Jarussalem. Although, Quaratine was esthabilshed during the late Ottoman period and Cyprus had two Quarantine centers at Larnaca and Limassol ports, it is not possible to claim that thy had been used effectivly. Bristish administrators had managed to create an effective public health system including Quarentine centers at all of the ports of the island with edecuated health officers. Even in the airport, after 1946. All of the arrivals had controlled without any exception. Even Royal Army completely had applied the quarantine rules to the staff by it’s own authorities. Even today, the Quarentine Laws which have created during the British time, are in charge at the both sides of Cyprus. (Chapter 260 etc. which was first declared in 1937 by the British Colonial Government) After two centuries of performing those strict controls in the ports of island, Cyprus has lost her negative fame as a transfering station of epidemic maladies between Asia, Africa and Europe in current times.

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