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BUILDING THE PROFESSIONAL IDENTITIES OF CONSTRUCTIVE PROFESSIONS UNDER TECHNOLOGICAL DILEMMA: ENGINEERING AND ARCHITECTURE IN THE EARLY REPUBLIC

Abstract

Author(s): Hilal Tu?ba ÖRMEC?O?LU, Asl? ER AKAN

Analyzing the effects on development of constructive professions in Turkey can give clues for understanding the ambivalent role of technology in Turkish modernity project. Hence, this study explores the roots of rising role of engineers and architects as one of the agents of modernity project of Early Republican Turkey. We will deal in turn with, first, the engineering ideology, the two basic approaches on the role of engineer developed after industrial revolution -the Taylorist and the Veblenist approaches- and their reflections on Turkish case. As second factor, we will question the roots of westernization and progressive history concept in the idea of “muas?r medeniyet” and relate it with establishment of professional identities of constructive professions in Turkey.

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Citations : 27

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