AN UNPUBLISHED PORTRAIT HEAD FROM IZNIK MUSEUM

Abstract

Author(s): Ya?ar Arli*

Hairstyle is the most important factor in dating private portraits inspired by official portraits. When the head hair style of the portrait, which is preserved in Iznik Museum and has not been published until today, is examined, it is seen that the voluminous and short hair tresses on the forehead form a bifurcation motif on the right part of the forehead. The ends of the hair tresses, which are combed to the left one after another from this bifurcation motif, are also wavy. This hairstyle is also unique to the period of Julio-Claudian Dynasty. The hairstyle of this dynasty, which started from 27 BC and continued until 68 AD, has been preserved up to IVth type portraits of Nero. The bifurcation motif formed by short and voluminous hair tresses in the center of the forehead or on the right or left of the center of the forehead, was continued until 65 AD, when IVth type portraits of Nero emerged. Along with the bifurcation motif, the hair forelock, which was shaped with hair tresses that are mutually repetitive, also known as pliers mouth in the process until the Nero portraits, is one of the important stylistic characteristics in defining this dynasty period. The man head, which can be directly suggested as a dynasty due to its hairstyle, has been reduced to private due to the realistic transfer of the characteristic features of the person portrayed, and a proposal for the Claudius period has been made; because, it is known that the characteristic features of the people who were portrayed in this dynasty apart from the Claudius period were idealized and transferred. The emperor, who came to the throne at the age of 51, stayed away from idealism in his portraits to keep his bond with the public strong and to prove that he was from the public. While the hair style in Iznik piece was unique to this dynasty, the realistic transfer of the characteristic features made it possible to date the piece to the period of Claudius, one of the emperors of the Julio-Claudian Dynasty.

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