Author(s): YUSUF AKG├â┬ťL*
In this study, the life of Affân b. Muslim (who is called the Baghdad muhaddith (134-220/751-835), his place in the science of hadith, his style of narration in the hadith juz’ of him, and how his experiences in the Mihna incident affected his environment were examined. The study consists of introduction, two parts and conclusion. In the introduction, there is information about the purpose, importance and sources of the study. The first chapter is about Affân b. Muslim's life and his place in the science of hadith. In the second part, Affân's hadith narration method and his situation in Mihna are discussed.
Affân b. Muslim, whose narrations are mentioned in the sources as solid and reliable, has received hadith from famous muhaddiths such as Hammâd b. Salamah, Hammâd b. Zayd ve Shu'ba b. al-?ajj?j. ?bn Sa’d, Ahmad b. Hanbal, ?bn Abi Shayba, Imam Bukhârî ve Abû Hâtim arRâzî are his students.This situation is clearly seen when the sources of juz and biography belonging to Affan are examined. Affân's hadith narration style can be detected in the narrations he received from his teachers, in the positive or negative evaluations of scholars about him, and in the studies conducted during his lifetime.Although this has been mentioned in some studies on the subject, in this study, the hadiths were examined and some additional explanations were made on the subject.
Affân lived in the first period of the Abbasids. During this period, there were important developments in the field of hadith. One of them is the Mu’tazila's thought that the Qur'an is created. This idea has been tried to be adopted by the Ahl-i hadith. Abbasid Caliph Me'mûn started the first questioning with Affân. In this context, it is necessary to investigate how the political and intellectual events of the period affected the hadith narration and style.Therefore, in this study, Affan's life, teachers and students were investigated.