A TURKISH ROOM IN BAVARIA: THE EXAMPLE OF HOHENSCHWANGAU CASTLE

Abstract

Author(s): Ayben KAYIN, Bilge ZKAYMAK

In this study, the Turkish Room at Hohenschwangau Castle in Füssen, Germany, was examined in terms of its architectural and ornamental features and decoration. Hohenschwangau Castle having the ruins of Middle Ages was purchased by Maximilian II in 1832 and built by the artist-architect Domenico Quaglio between 1833 and 1837 by restoring these ruins. The tradition of making Turkish rooms in various places in Europe has also shown itself in Hohenscswangau Castle. Unlike the architecture, ornamentation and decoration concept throughout the castle, the Turkish room draws attention with its unique style, carefully planned decoration and ornamentation and its construction story. In terms of the effect of Turks in Europe in the 19 th century, it is important that Turkish room’s having Turkish motifs and colors often used in the Turkish decorative arts, the variety of items taken from Turkey enriching the decoration and the wall papers made Maximilian II paint and depended on the places he saw and the memories he saved during the the journey to Greece and Turkey. In this study, the ornaments and decorative elements of the Turkish Room in Hohenschwangau Castle made the room achieve ‘Turkish Room’ quality were examined in details and it was also evaluated by comparing both Turkish decorative arts, handicrafts and similar ornaments seen in some other European buildings

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