A GEOGRAPHIC VIEW ON THE EFFECTS OF DIYARBAKIR SUR?ă? URBAN TRANSFORMATION PROJECT ON POPULATION AND SETTLEMENT

Abstract

Author(s): Mehmet Emin YAKUT

Diyarbakir is one of the major, important and ancient cities of our country. The city, located in the Diyarbakir Basin, is located on the west bank of the Tigris River and approximately 650 m. was built on a plateau surface in the elevation step. The first site of the city is surrounded by walls. The basalt walls, which reflect the size of the city's historic core, are approximately 8 km long and consist of 72 bastions.The process of the Suriçi Urban Renewal Project, which has been in progress in Diyarbak?r since 2008 and progressed slowly due to various reasons, was accelerated by the decision of the Disaster Risky Area which was taken in 2012 and after the decision of the expropriation of public order. The transformation process in the district of Suriçi, which forms the research area, has started with Alipa?a and Lalebey neighborhoods with the six neighborhoods that have suffered from public order. In the scope of the project, while demolition of slum buildings is carried out, new houses are built on the other hand, which are suitable for traditional architecture. When this project, which covers the entire Suriçi area, is completed, slum areas will be demolished, historical artifacts will be restored, new green spaces and squares will be built. After the urban transformation and renewal project is completed in the city, the expectations of a significant revival in tourism activities prevail.The effects of the Suriçi Urban Renewal Project on the city of Diyarbak?r are multidimensional and complex, especially the settlement, population, economic activities, social, psychological and urban perception. However, within the scope of this article, the subject is limited and the impacts of population, settlement and tourism are considered in a concise manner from a geographical point of view.

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