Author(s): Anass BAYAGA

The current study examined elements defining collegiality (EDC). The paper was based on a case carried out in Eastern Cape Province of South Africa. The questionnaire used in the present research complemented prior literature, which sought to explore xenophobia and racial relationships currently found in South Africa (Neocosmos, 2008; Valji, 2003; Handmaker & Parsley, 2002). The data analysis was conducted using both analysis of variance (ANOVA) and regression analysis due to the two hypotheses posed. The results indicated that there was a relationship between racism and EDC. Secondly, there was a relationship between xenophobia and EDC. The findings also confirmed the racial and xenophobic climate of South Africans not willing to forfeit their conservative views on racism and xenophobia. By implication, xenophobia and racial behaviour control would become more effective, if efforts are targeted towards


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