WAKLUM LETTERS DISCOVERED IN K▄LTEPE EXCAVATIONS

Abstract

Author(s): Esma ├ľZ

Kültepe tablets are the oldest written tablets that bring the ancient age history of Anatolia into light. Most of tablets which were found in Kültepe are composed of archives of Assyrian merchants’s and some of them are composed of documents that belong to local people. The majority of these documents which belong to approaximately a period of 250 years ( ±1975-1723 B.C) and called as The Period of Assyrian Trade Colonies commercial content is, although not more than numbers, are available also tablets social and legal issues covering. Among the documents related to legal issues, also records relating to some conflicts which occured in among themselves sometimes Assyrian merchants’s. In a conflict case, in among Assyrian merchants firstly were applying to “bt krim” “krum office”. If the problems could not be solved in this office, it was sending to Kaniš krum. To Aššur City Council was applying and have been seen here given the last decision if Kaniš krum could not decide on the conflict. These tablets which the decisions’s of Aššur City Council were recorded have been called as “waklum letters”. The most important feature of “waklum letters” is that the Aššur king’s was calling out to Assyrian merchants or Kaniš krum by using the title “waklum” and also in envelope of tablet’s, decisions’s taken in Aššur City Council has been approved showing by the king is available seal’s of waklum’s. Here, we will emphasize “waklum letters” which some of them were written to “Kaniš krum” and some of them to Assyrian merchants by the Aššur king.

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