Author(s): Murat FIRAT
In this study, fifteen volute lamps located in the inventory of Isparta Museum were introduced. During the catalog work on these artifacts, which were provided to the Isparta Museum by purchase, confiscation or recruiting methods, 5 primary colors (Gray, Brown, Red,Yellow and Pink) and clay tones associated with them were observed. The slip colors are usually red and brown tones. In addition, these lamps are determined to have varying dimension such as length within the range of 11.1-6.8 cm., height of 4.7-2.0 cm and base diameter of 4.2-3.0 cm. In accordance with the results of typological data carried out on the Isparta Museum volute lamps, 9 of them are classified under the Type A and other 6 are classified under the Type B. Identified in the assessment phase of the artifacts in the creation of typological distinction, the overall profile features is taken into account. Also in a manner deemed appropriate by many scientists, nasal structures and volute applications have been identified as the main evaluation criteria. Isparta Museum volute lamps in our study, after comparing to other similar artifacts, can be dated between 1st century and the end of the 2nd century AD. When the clay structure of these artifacts are analyzed, they can probably be produced in close workshops in our regions. At our work’s conclusion, the three main clay structure draws attention. In this case, they may be produced in workshops in one city or nearest cities which use different clay deposits. At this point, the question of the production possibilities of urban environment is put forward. If we consider our region and the close environment, Cyprus, Knidos, Miletus, Laodicea, Sagalassos and Kibyra, whose excavations are regularly supported by publications, emerge as areas that need to assessed initially. Also the results of our studies in areas like Pisidian Antioch, Konane and Cremna show an increase in data for ceramics. Sagalassos artifacts, with a similar structure and reddish yellow clay, are very close to the lamps of Isparta Museum. However some artifacts of clay and slip as well as the mold are detected in Kibyra samples is extremely important to point out at least one of the production sites. Some other possible production centers are Miletus or Knidos—particularly because of number 11 and 12 lamps. Very similar artifacts were introduced as Romanesis workshops lamps by Heres. In all of these data, although not as a result of stratigraphic excavation, but rather by purchase or even provided to the museum through donations, the lamps specimens in Isparta (1, 3 - 4, 6, 14 and 15) are thought to be interacting in the Pisidia region where production was carried out in the early urban Imperial period in the city of Anatolia, West and Central Southwestern region (Kibyra, Sagalassos, Knidos, Miletus and Laodicea). This information is achieved in accordance with similar pattern, the clay and slip properties. Systematic excavations will be carried out in our region and that the data from the excavations are released and also carried out with archaeometric analysis the possible local production centers and trade areas will be better understood.