VERBALS IN K?T┬BU TECV╬D F╬ KEL┬M-I KUR?┬N??L-MEC╬D

Abstract

Author(s): ?nan G├ťM├ť?

Kitâbu Tecvîd fî Kelâm-? Kur’âni’l-Mecîd (=KT) is a work written in the period referred to as Classical Ottoman Turkish or Middle Ottoman Turkish and positioned as a transitional phase between Old Anatolian Turkish and Modern Turkish. In the work in which the subject of tajweed is processed, it is seen that the proportion of Arabic words is high. The prominent word type in Turkish vocabulary is verbs. At this point, in the context of the work, we see verbs as language associations that best reflect the characteristics of the transition period of Classical Ottoman Turkish. In addition to finite verbs in KT, verbals that do not have a finite structure also occupy a wide place. Due to their aforementioned features, verbals that are claimed to constitute subordinate clause are examined under three headings: deverbal nouns that mark the temporary nominalisation of verbs, participles that allow them to be used in the form of a adjective by connecting verbs to a tense, and gerunds that connect verbs to a predicate with various meaning interests by putting them into a pattern. In this essay, the verbals we encounter in KT will be examined in terms of their meaning and functions. During the analysis, the shapes in old Anatolian Turkish and Modern Turkish will also be considered; changes in phonetical and morphological will be addressed and an diachronic comparison will be made in the measure of the material given by the work.

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