UTOPIA AND DYSTOPIA INTERTWINED: THE PROBLEM OF ECOLOGY IN MARGARET ATWOOD?S ORYX AND CRAKE, THE YEAR OF THE FLOOD AND MADDADDDAM

Abstract

Author(s): Mahinur AKEHIR UYGUR

The modern mechanization of nature and its reification as a commodity by the Project of Modernity is the main cause of the alarming ecological situation today. With respect to the probable ecological disasters that humanity may possibly face, the ecological threat has become the central discussion among the scientific as well as the literary circles. Among other literary critics and novelists, Margeret Atwood, one of the most acknowledged feminist novelists, also treats this issue in her trilogy, the last book of which has come out very recently. In Oryx and Crake (2003), The Year of the Flood (2009) and MaddAddam (2013) she creates a dystopic narrative that depicts the collapse of civilization, warning her readers as to what might happen if the indifference towards the abuse of nature nature goes on. However, one cannot also help noticing that there is also a utopic aspect to this dystopia which is also depicted as the first step to the healing of the world.

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