US PRESIDENT L.B. JOHNSON?S LETTER OF 1964 AND ITS IMPACT ON TURKISH PUBLIC OPINION

Abstract

Author(s): Murat ERDEM

In its 50th year of a major break in the history of Turkish-American relations, US President L.B.Johnson’s Letter of 1964 to Turkish Republic still exists as a reference for academic and political studies in the field. This article aims at analyzing Johnson’s Letter of 1964 and its perception by the Turkish public opinion as reflected in newspapers of the period as well as the debate between the political parties and intellectuals regarding the confidentiality of state and autonomy in foreign affairs, issues that came to the forefront after the said letter surfaced. This letter does not only represent a change of perception in the bilateral relations but also a motivation for the Turkish public opinion to participate in the foreign policy issues of the country when it became public in 1966. It can also be stated that the letter and its impact created a ground for further flourishing antiAmerican sentiment in Turkey.

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