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URFACOMMUNITY HOME AND ACTIVITIES (1934-1951)

Abstract

Author(s): Mehmet PINAR, Yunus ├ľZDUR?UN

Intheopening ofCommunityHomes,Republicanideologyandpolitical, economic, culturalandsocialdevelopmentswereeffective in the1930s. In1929 WorldEconomicCrisisand in the 1930MunicipalElectionstakingplaceeventsrevealthatRepublicanideologycould not fullyunderstoodbythepublic. Thus, a newformingwasfelttheneedfor. Accordingly,foundedonFebruary 19, 1932communityhomesare an extensiontheprincipleofpopulism. Furthermore, communityhomesareinstitutionswhichestablishedto transferthe ideamodernizationtothemasses. Inthisstudy;weaimtoconsiderfoundingcommunityhomes, whichwereone of thecultureandeducationestablisments of Republicandgrowingupallaroundthecountry, in Urfa andmaintainingconditionswiththecommunityhome at thatregion.Wewillseethreebasicelements of UrfaCommunity Hometrytomakethetransformationin Urfa. Thefirst of these; in theUrfaduetothemajority of peoplespeakArabicandKurdish,communityhomehadconductedstudiesamongthepeopletopromotethespokenTurkish. Secondly; UrfaCommunity Homeactivelyinvolvedinensuringtheparticipationof womenintosociallife. Tribalstructurethatexisted inEasternandwiththetraditionalfamily-typeorganizational modelwomanduring in theperiodthe timeRepublichadbeenisolatedfromsocial life.Inordertoperformtheactiveparticipation ofwomenintosociallife, UrfaCommunity Homeespeciallygivingprioritytothefamilynights, hadtriedtoopenplaceinthesocial lifetowomen. Finally, Urfa Community Home usingeffectively a traditionalelement ofUrfa the UrfaPlaceNightin thecommunityhome has triedtotheeffectiveparticipationof thepeopletocommunityhomeandaccordingly it has transformtowant oftheregimevaccinationtocommunity.

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