URBAN TRANSFORMATION POLICIES AND THEIR RELATIONSHIP WITH CAPITAL IN TURKEY

Abstract

Author(s): Dilek ?AH?N

In order to beter understand the societies of our time, we must embark upon a careful analysis of how cities have transformed. Moreover, in order to beter understand the nature of these transformations, we must pay close attention to the movement of capital. The processes of capitalist urban transformation, rising in line with globalisation, require constant reshaping of social space according to the various demands of more capital accumulation. Today, the urban space itself is now undergoing a phase of commodification; the processes of urban transformation are allowing for unequal socio-spacial development. Cities across the world are coming face-to-face with the issues generated from the circulation of global capital as it exists today, and Turkey is no different in this regard. As a result of the increasing mobility of capital, urban transformation processes and their inherent manifestation of instability are creating unequal socio-spatial development fields across the country’s urban centers. In this study, firstly, the concepts of city, space and urban transformation will be explained and then examined the case of Turkey’s urban transformation processes and policies using a comprehensive and historical perspective within the scope of framework set out in Harvey’s displacement theory. The study will analyze the process of intense urbanisation experienced across the country since the 1950s, taking legal processes in mind, to discuss how certain actors have swayed this process up to the current day.

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