Author(s): Mahmut DÜNDAR

Islam aims at the peace and happiness of individuals. The way to achieve this is to create a positive union between people as a requirement of being a social entity and living together. According to Islam, coming together and establishing a congregation means a benevolent ummah. This too is Hz. Prophet It can be possible by establishing unity with what the brought. Here, unity is formed around all the understandings that should be formed based on belief in God. At the beginning of the specified partnership comes to accept the existence, oneness, and supreme power of God. Thus, it is necessary to create a union in complying to the prescription of the world and the hereafter suggested by God, who is one. With this unity that requires complete submission to God, God is seen in everything, in the attributes of God's creatures, and all creatures are loved because of the creator, and in positive and negative situations, God's wisdom and the secret of testing is understood. Since this ummah awareness and unity is suitable for nature, it provides material peace in meeting worldly needs and provides spiritual peace by meeting spiritual needs. In this context, the individual can attain material and spiritual integrity within himself only by accepting God, his suggestions and power. It can also create a spirit of unity in the social environment. For this reason, the meaning and importance of the ummah consciousness, which is very important according to Islam, is mentioned first and then the conditions, features and benefits of this consciousness are emphasized


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