TWO FEMALES FROM THE FRENCH SOCIETY OF THE XIXTH CENTURY

Abstract

Author(s): Mahide GRER BAYDAR

Women have been seen as a desire object for a long time and it continues to be seen as such. Her sexuality, organized by men, is written by the authors of nineteenth century in many ways. The main goal of our work is to emphasize the problems of prostitution in Paris in the nineteenth century, through heroines of Alexandre Dumas fils and Emile Zola. Marguerite Gautier and Nana are two young girls from modest environment. In the hope of finding a rich “fancy-man”, they arrive in the big city. Now, an irrevocable life of debauchery begins for them. Whores represent the sexual power which both attracts and scares men. Cause of death of heroines is the sickness. The Lady of the Camellias which was written in the middle of the romantic era, tells the story of a whore (Marguerite Gautier) who suffers tuberculosis. In the novel of Zola, ambition to spend insane amounts of money will speed up the lifestyle of the young whore, Nana, to immorality. As such, she represents the woman lost in the world of luxury and pleasure. Dumas fils and Zola explain clearly the bourgeois and prostitutes who are victims of oppression and alienation. The Lady of the Camellias and Nana, tell the immorality of some segments of the society and prostitution which is both born in and humiliated by the society.

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