TURKEY'S FOREIGN POLICY IN HISTORICAL PROCESS OF CENTRAL ASIA AND TURKMENISTAN'S PLACE: FROM INDEPENDENCE TO PRESENT

Abstract

Author(s): Khudaiberdieva NURBIBI

Central Asia was occupied by the expansionist policies of Tsarist Russia and the Soviets in the 18th and 19th centuries. Soviet occupation continued for about 75 years. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, Turkey and the Turkish foreign policy has been moving elements. Turkey, build relationships with their relatives in Central Asia and has taken action under the leadership of President Turgut Özal period, including a new actor to penetrate the region. The newly independent countries have seen very important for Turkey. However, as expected, good relations with the new Turkish states in the region were delayed. Turkey in the early 1990s to the "big brother" role is given. In the following years, regional developments, security policies and global playmakers have made difficult effects.Turkey is the unique internal and external balances has led to a long time to get the desired development. Until the early 2000s, relations with the Turkic Republics in Central Asia and Turkmenistan could not be brought to the desired level. In 2003, the AK Party government came to power in Turkey, and R. T. Erdogan renewed contacts with Turkmenistan President Gurbanguly Berdymuhammedov began in 2007 with the strengthening of mutual initiatives and leadership. This study analyzed the development in Turkey after the historical aspects of the factors in the foreign policy process towards Central Asia, Turkmenistan has made a special investigation and research. In addition, after the breakup of the Soviet Union in the post-Soviet period and after obtaining its independence, Turkmenistan's place in Turkey's foreign policy in Central Asia is one of the Turkish republic and its importance was examined.

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