TURKEY?S CONTRIBUTIONS TO RELIGIOUS NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS IN KYRGYZSTAN

Abstract

Author(s): Osman EYPO?LU, Abay KENJEKULOV

As it is known, non-governmental organizations are one of the most important criteria in calculating a country’s democratization score. Due to the contribution of NGOs to the social structure and democratization in Kyrgyzstan, first the law numbered 360-12 named “Community Organizations” on February 1, 1991; then on October 15, 1999, it accepted the “Non-Profit Organizations” law. One of the most important countries in the post-independency of Kyrgyzstan that contributed to its religious education has been undoubtedly sister country Turkey. Turkey has realized these contributions both directly (thorough official ways) and both indirectly (through NGOs). In this article, we tried to deal with briefly non-governmental organizations from indirect contributions. There isn’t any non-governmental organization that conducts operations and belongs to Turkey directly in Kyrgyzstan. However, there are some NGOs that are based on Turkey which share ideas and experiences and indirect financial assistance to religious organizations in Kyrgyzstan. Among these, we tried to give brief information about three NGOs that agreed to share information about them with us. These are Hüday? Vakf?; Süleyman Hilmi Tunahan Group and Menzil organization. The information obtained about these organizations is limited as much as possible to the service of religious education of the country. The criticism made for all NGOs in Kyrgyzstan is also valid for religious non-governmental organizations. It is possible to express this criticism briefly as collective action that is not being active for common goals. The NGOs live this problem both within themselves and in their relations with other organizations. Similar problems for civic society organizations in Turkey have been seen to be valid. The urgent thing to do in the context of increasing this weak rate of social solidarity is to put in place mechanism that will facilitate and accelerate communication between NGOs. The most urgent, easy and effective way we can see in the context of these mechanisms is thorough a legal regulation where all NGOs can share their services clearly on the Internet.

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