TRANSFERENCE IN GROUP COUNSELING; PSYCHODRAMA METHODS AND TECHNIQUES

Abstract

Author(s): ├ľzlem G├ťND├ťZ

Transference, which is one of the most important therapeutic tools in psychoanalytic theory, also has place in different counseling approaches. In group counseling, the transference is defined as multiple and diffuse, and it is stated that the client has a transference relationship not only with the group leader but also with other members. Accordingly, the transference directly affects the structure of the communication patterns of the group and can interfere with the main healing factors such as the cohesion of the group interpersonal learning. Some of the clients need to understand and handle transfererence for therapeutic progress. It is important to handle transference carefully for both group and individual. The understanding of transference contributes to coping with the resistance, resolving unfinished business and conflicts, establishing fact-based communication, increasing group cohesion in the group. It is recommended to use psychodrama methods and techniques in the effective handling of transference. Psychodrama defines the transference as a factor preventing reality-based, empathic tele relations. In this context, it is aimed to understand and restructure the transference by techniques such as role playing. In this respect, in this study, the theoretical definition of transference and the transference in group counseling process are explained, the role of psychodrama methods and techniques in handling of transference is discussed.

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