TRACES OF SULTANS IN OTTOMAN TURKISH MUSIC

Abstract

Author(s): G繹zde OLAKO?LU SARI

Ottoman Empire is one of the important civilizations that rooted in history and left a rich legacy to music filed just like all their fields of interest. In Ottoman Empire establishment of which was based on expansion policy, studies related with music theory accelerated starting from 15h century and studies related with music performance accelerated starting from 16h century. The interest and support of sultans (mostly Mevlevis) who were interested not only in religious music but in non-religious music as well, disguised Ottoman-Turkish music into an identity feeding from the uppermost layer of the state.

.In Ottoman palace where most of the sultans such as Bayezid II., his son lineage Sultan Korkud, Murat IV., Mehmed IV., Mahmud I., Selim III., Mahmud II., Abdulaziz, Murad V., Mehmed V. and Mehmed VI., who were also musicians, the existence of poet, composer and instrument performer statesmen, led the way for the musical life.

One of the aims of this article is to handle the sultans in a row who were composer or poet/lyricist, to raise awareness about the subject and to submit to the attention of the authorities. On the other hand this study aims to determine the contributions of sultans to musical world and the form-mode and methods they used and to follow their traces in Ottoman-Turkish music together with their protectorate in musical assemblies. It is also important in terms of offering an insight to examination process of state supported musical life and today.

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