TRACE OF URBANIZATION AND SOCIAL TRANSFORMATION IN RUSSIAN LITERATURE OF THE 20TH CENTURY

Abstract

Author(s): Eda H. TAN METRE?

In the classical sociological approach, industrialization and urbanization are seen as two basic premises of modernity. The phenomenon of urbanization related to the concepts of capitalism and industrialization has been studied by many sociologists, and the changing structure of the city and the urbanity and their relation with the society and cultural life have been tried to be determined. As a matter of fact, urbanization, which is a topic of discussion among different disciplines regarding spatial, social, socioeconomic and political meanings from antiquity to the postmodern era, has an important place in sociology, demography, economy, history and literature. In this context urbanization which is a precursor of an important stage in Russian social life, in a different way from the West, draws attention not as a natural result of modernity but as a result of the living conditions of Russia from 1920 to 1960. In fact Iosif Stalin’s developments like industrialization, collectivization between the years 1928-1930 completed only towards the end of the 1960s. Thus urbanization, which influences the daily life of the period with its own upper dynamics, also takes place in literary texts that give a sensitive voice to humanities. This process, experiencing a change both in social, demographic and cultural sense sets the stage for a new literary movement under the name of “urban texts” in Russian literature in the 60s-70s years of 20th century. In this study, urbanization and accompanying social transformation, which constitute an important mainstay in the process of spatial, temporal and social reconstruction, will be handled in an interdisciplinary way in the light of literary texts that deal with this process.

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