TOPIC THEMES IN THE POEMS OF 14th CENTURY KYRGYZ POET TOKTOGUL IRケ

Abstract

Author(s): Mustafa KUNDAKCI

The Kyrgyz, which has an ancient and rich tradition of oral literature, continues this tradition from generation to generation through poets called “ak?n”. These poets who immortalize the important events of the era, the life of the people, the world view and the customs of the people like a book; has become the mirror of the era and the living history of the people. One of these poets is Toktogul Irç? (Saydali uulu) who lived in the 14th century.Toktogul Irç? gathered the elegies and stories about Manas for the first time and brought them together, and made the poem possible to be recited in tradition without loss up to now. Toktogul were close friends with Can?bek and his brother Berdibek who were khans of the Alt?norda State. Furthermore, Toktogul Irç?, who was one of the most influential figures of the era during the Timur period th at ended the state of Alt?norda, is an important name for the Kyrgyz people. Among the Kyrgyz, he is one of the famous so-called heroes who are said from ear to ear like the proverb: “Be an ?rç? like Toktogul, be a s?nç? like Tolubay”.Toktogul Irç?, who does not remain silent against the cruelty and injustice of the rulers during his lifetime, also dethroned Can?bek - who is a tyrant - with his poems and his influence on the people. Timur takes Akmirza beloved of Toktogul by force, who is an interpreter for the poems, thoughts and needs of the people as well as his own feelings with his poems. Despite this, the poet, who did not give up loving Akmirza, later suffered the rage of Timur. Thrown into the dungeon and killed in the dungeon for the sake of love, Toktogul takes its place in history as one of the most brave and most important poets in Kyrgyz history. In this study, the themes that Toktogul discusses in his poems will be evaluated in the most general way.

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