Author(s): Abdulkadir EMEKS?Z
To search for cultural history traces of the consideration, in which the poet said “That poem is no longer mine. It is the property of the nation.”, in the fictional integrity of the Independence Anthem is the aim of this research. This article is concerned with the cultural and intellectual foundations of the words “Flag”, “Hearth” and “Homeland”, which were used by Mehmet Âkif in the first quartet of the Turkish Independence Anthem. The need for the national anthem that started in the reign of the Sultan Mahmut II in the Ottomans, the official admission process of the poem written by Mehmet Âkif as the Independence Anthem of the Turkish Republic, dichotomous use of the words “flag” and “hearth”, the meaning frame of “homeland” that integrates “flag” and “hearth” paying attention to Turkish perception of cosmos and central symbolism are discussed in the research. In order to evaluate the meaning of the flag, hearth and homeland in the national struggle and the national anthem, the relation of them with the keywords such as dawn, independence and star is also emphasized when appropriate in the article.