Author(s): Mahmut SÖNMEZ?
Almighty Allah, who created the human being as a guide and sent the Holy Quran with the blessing of “declaration gelen, w nvitation to Religion ine. He also trained examples. As a necessity of the invitation to religion, the Qur'an, which is also a communiqué and hich is one of the qualities that make him superior to other creatures, is the most beautiful of the communiqué, in other words, Davet I an irshad book, has brought evidence in different styles, thus aiming not to irritate its interlocutors again and to keep their attention alive. In this sentence, Cenab-? Hak, who tells his interlocutors the same truth in different styles, sometimes addresses people in the Qur'an with the method of erg tergîb and terhîb bazen. Great importance has been given to the balance of the two characteristics of human fear and hope (havf and recâ). There was a balance between the reward that religion promised to the believers and the punishments to be given to those who deny religion; the announcement of this reward and punishment to people was called tergib and terhib. In the Qur'an and the hadiths, Tergib and Terhib have always been balanced; where a gospel is mentioned, a warning and cautious verse followed immediately. The Qur'an, in the existing tergîb and terbîb to diagnose, representation, arts such as depiction; short forms such as short and parable. In addition to these methods of expression, “Allah loves, bu?züz”; The message that is intended to be given to the interlocutors with expressions bearing value provisions such as yl veyl, curse ols has been presented more effectively. In the Qur'an, tergib and terhib style are used to order goodness and to avoid evil. Tergib and terbîb style to influence the hearts of the interlocutors, the basic principles of religion, orders and prohibitions in their minds to embellish them in order to ensure the implementation of these are given. In the Qur'an, every verse that encourages believers for good and avoids evils can be evaluated in terms of tergîb and terhîb. However, since this subject will exceed the limits of our study, we will only focus on the verses directly related to this subject.