Author(s): Alper GÖLBA?

Archaeology is a scientific discipline that emerged in Europe at the dawn of the Age of Enlightenment during the 18th century, like several other disciplines. Having been conducted in collaboration with various other disciplines since early stages of its emergence, Archaeology fed on history in general and cultural history in particular in Europe, and the infrastructure of thought of anthropology in U.S.A. Various theories have been suggested in different locations of the world for the past two centuries. Besides detection, documentation and analysis of remnants through excavations; archaeology, as a scientific discipline, has engaged in multiple ventures as to comprehending life styles of the ancient people, who left the legacy of those remnants. It is obvious that excavation techniques and documentation methods are followed at global standards in our country and that archaeological work conducted in Turkey has an esteemed place in the world. Notwithstanding, such productivity in terms of generation of theories did not occur in Turkey. Theoretical archaeology endeavors were initiated in the early republican era in Turkey, however such efforts did not perpetuate. This present study aims at acknowledging the theories set forth by the Turkish archaeological circles and the reasons of theoretical infertility within the Turkish archaeological realm in addition to addressing general properties and historic background of globally accepted fundamental archaeology theories.


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