THE WOMAN IMAGE IN THE MINIATURES OF 焌ER FARUK ATABEK

Abstract

Author(s): Elif Bayrak KAYA

Having a significant place among our traditional forms of art, the miniature is also referred as Turkish drawing art or Ottoman drawing art. The miniature, in which the details are neatly and skilfully elaborated, is a unique form of art with its specific composition norms and techniques. The image of woman is a frequently studied form in visual arts. The earliest representations of the image of woman in history are the statues. The mother goddess statues known as Cybele are female statues with their full-breasted and bulky-hipped bodies. It is a well-known fact that the woman and fertility were identified in a single body in these statues that highlight the sacredness of women. In the course of history the woman have always been represented in drawing and miniature as well. It can be argued that the femininity was commodified by bringing it to forefront in European art traditions. However, in miniatures, known as Ottoman drawing art, the image of woman mainly holds her identity while the social and parental responsibilities are preserved despite some exceptions. This study puts its focus on the works of Ömer Faruk Atabek, a renowned miniature artist. The place of women in the artist’s eyes and perspective towards women have been identified by studying the works of the artist in which he described the single woman forms.

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