THE UNDERGONE PHASES OF TURKISH CYPRIOT EDUCATION SYSTEM FROM THE OTTOMANS TO THE PRESENT

Abstract

Author(s): ├ľmer G├ľKEL G├Âkmen DALI

Cyprus was remained under the domination of many civilizations since B.C. 1450 due to its geopolitical location and natural riches. Some of these civilizations were placed their culture and history to the Cyprus island and maintained historical and cultural richness of the previous civilization, but some of them were partially destroyed many historical and cultural richness with the destruction and looting. One of the most important civilizations was Ottoman Empire who developed preserving a previous civilization's cultural and historical landmarks, placed their own culture on the island and continued its longer dominance from A.C. 1571 till 1878. Ottomans considered special emphasis to education and instruction systems in order to develop social and cultural structure and placed their own system to the every region was conquered including Cyprus. In this work, first of all, applications and developments of the education and instruction systems which synthesized by the Ottoman culture in Cyprus are discussed, after that the education and instruction systems in the British period are discussed, and finally, developments in the education and instruction systems of the Turkish period are analyzed historically.

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