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THE TWO HISTORICAL ROADSOF THE PASIN PLAINOPENED TO THE NORTH

Abstract

Author(s): Nezahat CEYLAN

 TheEastern Anatolia Region is located in theeasternmostandmountainouspart of Turkey. Averageelavation of theregion isover 1800 m. Therearemanyhighandextrememountainswhicharetoodifficulttomovebeyond. Climatecondition of theterrainrightalongwithbeingharshandchallengingmakesthelivingconditonsuncomfortable. TheEastern Anatolia Region, in whichhuman has resided since thepaleolithicage, has managedtomaintainitsenticementthroughoutthehistory. Theregion is quitearableandconvenientforbreeding. Fromtheprehistoricages, regionestablishedstrongpoliticalandtradingrelationswithneighbouringsocieties. Roadsbecamethedominatingfactors in governmentrelations. TheEastern Anatolia Regionlocates in thejunctionpoint of thetradingroutes of Asiaand Europe. Forthefirst time in history, bygermangeographerFerdinananvonReichthofenreached in thecentres in TheEastern Anatolia RegionandcontinuedtothedifferentareasbyusingthesilkwaycalledcaravanrouteWithhistoricaldocumentsandarchaelogicalfindings, . It is a provablefactthat Erzurum was in thehistoricalroad network. Itgoeswithoutsayingthat Erzurum wasthemostimportantway-point of Nothernwestroute of Urartu State. It is thoughtthatKsenophonusedthepath of Bayburt-Trabzon roadcombining Erzurum with Black Sea as a term of ten thousands’ return. Inourstudy, It is indicatedthatthoughtheregion has gotharshandstiffphysicalfeatures, it has beenabletoreachitsneighboursCaucasusand Iran bythehelp of theroads. Alsotheregion has connectionswithotherregionsandcities.

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