THE TURKISH CINEMA BETWEEN ITS INCEPTION AND DOWNFALL: A HISTORICAL OVERVIEW

Abstract

Author(s): Celal HAYIR

The study at hand relates to the history of Turkish cinema from 1895 to 1990 with respect to the accompanying political events and their analysis. Cinema´s upcoming in Turkey was initally staged by non-muslims, continued by the military and came under the one-man rule of Muhsin Ertugrul after the downfall of the Ottoman Empire. From the 50´s on it was generally referred to as Yesilçam. This name followed the screening of an Egyptian film in Istanbul in the late 1940´s as a label for a certain film genre and became a synonym for cinema itself. Tax cuts for domestic productions became a main reason for Turkish cinema´s thriving. The 60´s became its golden age and the 70´s were characterized by Yilmaz Güney´s work and art. Finally economic and socio-political circumstances lead to a crisis in the 80´s and resulted in the demise of Yesilcam.

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