THE TURANIAN AND TURK IDENTITY OF WOMEN IN TURKISH NOVELS IN NATIONAL L?TERATURE

Abstract

Author(s): Alkan YILMAZ

The concept of national literature is generally considered together with the ideology of Turkism. Turkism based on a wide history and geography instead of the view of Ottomanism, projected a Turanian state sturucture based on the Turkish nation; however it eventually turned into a language, religion and cultural nationalism. ?n the studied novels, Turkism/Touranism picks up the quality of representation through heroines, showing scientific, politicial and literary qualities. Ay Han?m, in the verse story called K?z?lelma by Ziya Gökalp, starts a scientific work aiming to combine and develop the whole Turks through the world as Halide Edib handles Turkish/Turkism in accordance with autonomous goverment in the work called Yeni Turan, the idealist heroine Kaya, in the novel wishes to actualize a movement of progress collectively through the channel of education and politics. In “Son Mektuplar”, ?zzet Ulvi deals with national consciousness in forming a rooted Turkish family and utters this opinion in fictional plan through his main heroine Fikriye. Müfide Ferit, in “Aydemir” highlights the importance of constituting a language and consensus of opinion outside Turkey, especially with the Turks in Russia. Furnishing his artistic heroine, Hazin with Turkism consciousness in the end of the novel , he aims a global revival at humanitarian collectives. Ahmet Hikmet Müftüo?lu gives a duty to the heroine Gönül Han?m, that is the same with the name of the novel, to search for the Orhun Epitaphs that belong to old Turkish culture . The aim again here is, to constitute a cultural unity in the frame of high Turkish civilization. The age of Constitutional Monarchy is a start for Turkish women in intervening social problems by the mediation of organizational activities. Therefore, in the novels in National literature, Turkish women are both in the social life and among the founders of this life. In the Works that have been studied, the heroines who were idealized in many ways, acts with a certain mission. Their common purpose is, to solve the personal and social problems, to indoctrinate Turkish youth with the love of country and nation , to grow up generations that will glorify Turkish civilization both at home and abroad as walking to this aim, the only might that motivates tehem is; national ideals getting power from Turkish history.

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