THE TRANSITION BEYOND SENSATION AND THE ISSUE OF GOD IN THE CONTEXT OF EMPIRICAL EPISTEMOLOGIES OF IBN HALDUN AND JOHN LOCKE

Abstract

Author(s): Mehmet NAL, Emin ELEB?

Ibn Khaldun is known as the first sociologist in the history of Islamic thought. His work titled Mukaddime, in which the thinker aims to put forward the invariable principles behind social changes, relies heavily on an empirical/sensory perspective. On the other hand the most important representative of the contemporary empirical/sensory tradition in the West is undoubtedly John Locke. An Essay Concerning Human Understanding, which is the philosopher's masterpiece, based on empirical perspective is a radical critique and rejection of the Cartesian philosophy of innate ideas. In this study, it will be examined how these two thinkers who have similar epistemological perspectives, although living in a very distant geography and time period, establish the problem of revelation and God in the context of their empirical epistemology. In addition, these two philosophers' views on the limits of human knowledge and how knowledge comes into being will be evaluated by comparing the similarities and differences in terms of the capabilities of the mind.

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