Author(s): Mehmet Zeki DUMAN
The subject of divine justice (theodicy) is one of the oldest questions (n) of philosophy and theology. This problem, which is directly related to the existence of God as an existential problem, as an attempt to understand the universe, life and world in general and the evils encountered in daily life in particular, continues to maintain its importance both in the history of Western philosophy and in the Islamic philosophy. The phenomenon of evil is a reflection of man's ontological concerns, as well as a metaphysical problem, including the attempt to make sense of events that encompass life. Because people wanted to understand and understand all kinds of events in their daily lives in a certain sense of logic and meaning. In other words, since nothing is happening so spontaneously, it has become a necessity to explain these things. In fact, historical records and sacred texts try to remind us that there has been a cause and cause of events that have occurred in the past and that have caused people to be exposed to evil and sometimes disappear. Theodicy has also been the subject of ordinary people, not only of philosophers who try to understand life and events. Basically, why in the world is there evil? And why does God allow this evil? This problem, shaped around his questions, has attracted the attention of Peter Berger, who, like many theologians, is generally known for his work on the social reality of religion. This text, which includes the author's findings on the problem, will also be emphasized on the place of theodicy in Western and Islamic philosophy.