THE SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION OF EARTHQUAKES IN TURKEY: A GEOSTATISTICAL & SPATIAL STATISTICAL APPROACH

Abstract

Author(s): Serpil MENTE?E* ?ermin TA?IL

The aim of this study is to detect clusters of earthquakes in Turkey. We used the 2005-2015 earthquakes data with event magnitudes 4≥ M in analysis. Based on this data, it was determined distribution, density of earthquakes epicenter by using geostatistical and spatial statistical methods. In the study, mean center, spatial mean and standart distance were used to calculate central tendency of earthquake points. Moran's I, General G Statistics and Local G Statistics from geostatistic analysis were used to detect spatial autocorrelation and clusters of erathquake. Across the Turkey, the maximum earthquake intensity is in and around the joined area of the North Anatolian Fault (NAF) and Eastern Anatolian Fault (EAF). However, when considering the regional differences, Amasya on the NAF, Bandirma on the southern zone of the NAF, the south of the Urla Peninsula and around the Konya appears to be statistically significant hot spots. It is show that the seismic-activity rate is very high in around the those regions.

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