THE SOCIALIST UTOPIA OF A NATURALIST: LABOUR (TRAVAIL)

Abstract

Author(s): Bekir GZEL

For ages people have been dealing with the problems and troubles of the society in which they live. Human beings longing for a better and better society try various ways to realize this dream. One of the ways of realizing this dream is utopia writing. Authors try to reveal the organization of society which all people dream of and long for in their utopia writings. For this reason, utopias have been impatiently followed by most readers since utopias first emerged. Particularly, stories spread in Europe following the discovery of the new world by Columbus (1451-1506) have increased the interest in utopia writings day by day. Some of the utopia writings are published under the name of “utopia” but, even if they are utopian, some of them are not published under the name of “utopia”. The novel Labor: Travail by Emile Zola (1840-1902) is one of these utopias. In Labor: Travail, Zola dreams of a socialist and idealized society and this is realized in the book by the protagonist, Luc. In this study, the reasons paving way for Zola’s utopia and process of the utopia are discussed by analyzing the social life in the utopia in Labor.

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