THE SOCIAL RIGHTS OF THE TURKISH WORKERS IN THE WESTERN EUROPE RELATEDTO THE RETIREMENT, THE PROVISION OF THESE RIGHTS AND PROBLEMS FACED AFTER RETURNING TO TURKEY

Abstract

Author(s): Ey羹p ZENG?N*

Since the 1960s, Turkish labour migration has taken place in many Western European countries, particularly in Germany, Austria, France, Switzerland and the Netherlands. Turkish workers working in these countries and their families have been granted certain rights according to the bilateral social security agreement, which have been protected under international conventions. When these workers returned to Turkey, Turkish social security institutions have mediated them in the provision of these rights. Besides, the workers were given some additional benefits since they had worked abroad. These social rights include the retirement pension for workers, the refunding of insurance charges provided by countries such as Germany and Switzerland to workers who couldn't retire, as well as the right to the retire after completing the insurance coverage period, which is provided by some countries. One of the most important rights is "Betriebsrente" in Germany, meaning occupational pension, provided by the insurance companies to the workers serving longer than 10 years. The evaluation of childcare periods, coming up in recent years, is one of the important social rights provided to the women. One of the most important rights workers aim to secure is foreign borrowing, which provides the right to retire in Turkey after returning completely. Workers returning from abroad to Turkey face many problems in securing these social rights. These are, on one hand, problems and limitations arising in the provision of the benefits provided by the European countries, and on the other hand, the problems in the provision of the social rights and the adjustment problems after returning to Turkey. This paper focuses on securing these social rights and problems faced in this process.

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