THE SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC CONDTION OF THE CITY OF MANASTIR (1482-1615)

Abstract

Author(s): Nurullah KARTA

The Ottoman Empire was founded in the Balkans, a region accepted as an essential place, and led to a new culture and civilization with an understanding of administration of its own on this said geography. The Ottomans carried out this kind of an administration in every settled area that they gained ascendance over unexceptionally. The city of Manast?r is one of these cities that took place within these enforcements. The city of Manast?r, which was merged into the rule of the Ottomans by Kara Timur Pasha in 1387, is termed as Manast?r because of the ruins found in the environs of the city that Macedonians call Bitola. As it is mentioned above, Ottomans brought in great vivacity to the places they gained ascendance over, besides, they also displayed important applications in building up the city and regenerating the economic life. Some western writers negatively put forward that Ottomans never showed a development in the the Balkan cities where they came into power. They also groundlessly claimed that there happened much regression in terms of social and economic life in the cities. In this paper, we attempt to come up with an answer by trying to treat the social and economic condition, military and administrative structure of the city of Manast?r. We will also try to determine that the city became an important center by developing rapidly. On the other hand, we will also evaluate the presence of the Ottoman-Islamic works in this city where muslims densely live situated west of Macedonia.

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