THE S┬K╬ FIGURE IN CLASSICAL TURKISH POETRY BASED ON SAQINAMAHS

Abstract

Author(s): ├ľzlem ├çAYILDAK

The Sâkî is an important figure in Classical Turkish poetry, therefore, "saqinamahs" emerged as an independent literary genre. Sâkî is an Arabic word meaning "A person who distributes water, presents cups and dispenses drinks at gatherings". Although his main task is dispensing drinks, he is responsible for all tasks during gatherings. The Sâkî figure is always at the forefront of saqinamahs, which describe concepts such as gatherings, wine and drinking cup. While the Sâkî constitutes a large part of the contents of saqinamahs, it also replaced the lover figure in Classical Turkish poetry. Based on the texts examined in the present study, the sâkî figure was defined, his physical features and tasks were explained in detail with examples and related metaphors were revealed. In the present study, the sâkî figure was briefly discussed under the scope of sufi metaphors, considering the related meaning of the term.

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