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THE SATISFACTORY EFFECTS OF THE POEMS ENDING UP MISERABLY FROM FREUDIAN AND LACANIST PERSPECTIVES

Abstract

Author(s): Burcu TÜRKMEN

When it is about love, "Eros", one of Greek mythology's gods comes to mind. This study, it is intended to analyze the satisfactory effects of literary works on readers even if they include pessimistic themes such as passionate love relations ending up with depression or death. As it is intended to state this contradictory subject matter, certain poems including love and tragedy together are analyzed from the Victorian Period in English Literature in this study. However, what kind of feeling is love and the symbols of love from Greek Mythology are analyzed. A bridge is instructed between Eros and another Greek Mythology god, Thanatos with examples of English literature. The contradictory relation between these two points is illustrated in this study. As the theoretical basis, the "Jouissance" principle of Jacques Lacan and "Beyond the Pleasure Principle" of Sigmund Freud are studied in this context. Both of these philosophies indicate how passionate loves end up unhappily, especially with death may give satisfaction. To prove the satisfactory relation between love and death, certain 19th-century poems such as "In Memoriam" by Alfred Tennyson, "Porphyria's Lover" and "My Last Duchess" by Robert Browning, "After Death" by Christina Rossetti are analyzed in this concern. Indeed, supporting the literature research and examples from English literature, the results of a questionnaire with 100 students prove that poems ending up miserably may have satisfactorily positive effects on their readers. The results are evaluated based on the descriptive analysis method

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