THE ROLE OF THE CITIES OF KARS AND ERZURUM IN THE SUPPLY OF CEREALS DURING THE OTOMAN-PERSIAN WARS (THE EXAMPLE OF 1730-1732)

Abstract

Author(s): Fadimana F?DAN

The religious, economic and political tensions between the Ottoman Empire and the Safavids resulted in frequent confrontations between them. For these reasons, the Ottoman Empire made successive campaigns in the East during the 18th century. Among these, the war between the years of 1730 and 1732 divided into multiple battles, and problems arose regarding the complete and timely shipping of the needed cereal. The problem was exacerbated by prolongation of the campaign, hugeness of the distance, and misconducts of various governmental officials. But two cities became prominent in the resolution of the problem. The first of these was Erzurum, the Granary of the East, and the other was Kars, the Border City. Also being supported by their towns, these cities had become centres of provision working to respond to the cereal need of the soldiers around Tabriz and Erivan. The Ottoman military power that was gradually increasing in successive destinations was dependent on the cereals that were to be collected in and shipped from Kars and Erzurum in order not to suffer any hunger problem in the final destinations.

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