Author(s): Burcu ?ANLI, Ayda ÇELEB?O?LU, Duygu VEF?KULUÇAY YILMAZ
This research has been conducted to examine the views of women on gender roles according to their socio-demographic characteristics. The research has been designed based on the phenomenological approach of qualitative research methods. The population of the study is composed of all women residing in Mersin. The research group is limited to 15 women selected by snowball sampling method. The data of the study is collected with “Personal Information Form” and “Individual In-depth Interview Questionnaire”. For the analysis of data, content analysis has been used from qualitative data analysis methods. As a result of the content analysis, the research findings obtained from the participants has been examined in terms of the socio-demographic characteristics (age, marital status, educational status, working status / occupation, longest-lived settlement) and seven themes that might affect their views on gender roles. These themes are: (1) Gender equality, (2) Family and marriage, (3) Motherhood, (4) Virginity, (5) Abortion, (6) Equality, (7) Honor. According to the research, it can be said that women have egalitarian views on general gender roles. In parallel to gender stereotypes of motherhood, women are dominant on the view that every woman has her innate codes, but motherhood is not suitable for everyone. Women have stated that girls should be more careful than flirting. A significant majority of respondents stated that women and men are equal. All of the participants stated that a woman should be economically free and fully independent and should stand on her own without any need for any person, especially her spouse. As a result of the research, according to the findings obtained from some participants, it is determined that sexist discourses are defended by women themselves. In addition, it is determined that some participants with a higher education have a traditional perspective on the general life of women and define women only within the framework of the roles and assignments attributed to them.