Author(s): M. Ali KRMAN
This paper consists of two parts. Firstly, after the describing the religious fundamentalism, the relationship between the secularization and religious fundamentalism will be examined. In fact there is a relationship between them. This relationship concerned with the status of religion in modern society. In this context, it is very important to understand that there are ‘religious’ fundamentalists as well as ‘secularist’ or ‘laisist’ ones. Although the ‘secularists’ tend to be diminishing the role of religion in the society, the religious fundamentalists claim that the religion completely surrounds all spheres of daily life. Secondly, the relationship between the religious fundamentalism or religious reactionism and Islam will be examined. Recently we often encounter the tendency that religious fundamentalism and religious reactionism have been identified with Islam. It is important to discuss this approach in social scientific viewpoint.