THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN HEALTHY LIFESTYLE BEHAVIORS AND BODY MASS INDEXES OF PARAMEDIC STUDENTS

Abstract

Author(s): Asuman ?ENER, Asl? AYDO?AN, Mehmet ÇEB?, Tu?ba ÇINARLI, Zeliha KOÇ

This study was conducted as a descriptive study to determine the relationship between healthy lifestyle behaviors and body mass indexes of paramedic students. This study was conducted with the participation of 120 students who agreed to be involved in the study from among 134 students (90%) who study at a Vocational School of Health Services between November 1 - November 20, 2016. The data of study were collected using a questionnaire form which determines socio-demographic characteristics of students and the Healthy Lifestyle Behavior Scale II (HLSB-II). The questionnaire form and scale, which were developed after obtaining the permit of relevant institution and informed consent of participants, were applied to students between above-mentioned dates. Body mass indexes were calculated by measuring the height and weight of students during the application of questionnaire. Independent sample t-test, one-way ANOVA, Kruskal Wallis test, and Bonferoni test in advanced analyzed were used in the evaluation of data. In this study, average total score of Healthy Lifestyle Behavior Scale II of students (131.84 ± 16.97), the subscales of health responsibility (20,52±4,68), the subscales of physical activity (16,29±4,26), the subscales of nutritional habits (19,62±3,77), the subscales of spiritual growth (28,05±3,94), the subscales of interpersonal relations (27,11±3,91), the subscales of stress management (19,92±3,64) were found. Of the students, 63.3% had a Body Mass Index between 18.6-24.9, which is within normal limits. It was found that female students received higher scores in the subdimensions of health responsibility and interpersonal relations and male students received higher scores in the sub-dimension of physical activity in the Healthy Lifestyle Behaviors Scale, and average score of students who live in a district is higher in the subdimension of physical activity when those who live in a village and district for the longest period of time are compared (p<0,05). As a result, there was no relationship between the Body Mass Index values of students and their mean scores of Healthy Life Style Behavior Scale (p>0,05) and health life style behavior of students was generally found to be moderate level in this study. The education programs should be to protect and promote the health of students.

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