THE PROVINCIAL COINS WITH ROMAN TEMPLE FROM IZMIR MUSEUM: FEATURES OF PEDIMENT AND ORDER

Abstract

Author(s): Onur G├ťLBAY, Murat KILI├ç

During the ancient period, coins were used as a means of remembering, propaganda and advertisement, as well as their commercial uses like the coins of our time. Therefore, it is possible to find some symbols on the coins that call attention to the facts that are impressed upon the history of a state or a city, such as legends about their establishments and religious beliefs. Temple models are symbols that were often used on the reverse of coins from the Roman Empire period, most of which were related to the imperial cult. In this regard, the study that we have carried out about the thousands of coins in the Izmir Museum1 from the Roman period helped us determine the coins2 with temple models that date back to the 1st and 3rd centuries A.D., and examine these coins under a new title3. The detected coins are autonomous and pseudo-autonomous emissions introduced by several Western Anatolian cities, such as Pergamon, Hypaipa, Magnesia ad Sipylum, Smyrna, Erythrai, Metropolis, Sardis, Perge, Ephesos, Samos, Attaleia and Philadelphia. We attempted to make some evaluations and conclusions on the architectural features of the temples from the Roman Empire period following the examination of the temple models on these coins. The fact that the coins minted locally in Anatolia display the names of the cities is of great importance for defining the ownership of the structures represented by the temple models.

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