THE PLACE OF RELIGION IN CLASSICAL PERIOD OTTOMAN STATE AND COMMUNITY LIFE

Abstract

Author(s): Erdal TA?BA?

The Ottoman State, which was established as frontier principality in Anatolia, aimed western enlargement politics like other principalities. It can be said that the Ottoman State, which attributed a religious mission to its movements towards the lands of the Byzantine, which as located in the west, has emerged as a state of gaza in this regard. As the conquest movements developed, the state, being one which was the Pioneer of victories of Islam against the West, was integrated with this religion and its politics and religion intertwined. This situation did not last long for the Ottoman State, where heterodox beliefs are densely observed during the foundation period. With beginning of the era of ascension, religion, which began to become more effective began to gain importance both in state administration and in the social area. However, despite this, the Ottoman State did not become a Sharia state at all. The state, which had various nations in it, regarded the existence of the customary law as well as the sharia law. Especially in social life, these two kinds of laws always found application occasion.

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