THE PERCEPTION OF FANTASTIC IN THE FRAME OF SURREALISM

Abstract

Author(s): Ayd?n ERTEK?N

Andre Breton founded the Surrealist movement by issuing the first Surrealist Manifesto in 1924. Opposed to the existing order and values, this literary movement aims to liberate people from all kinds of rules and oppression. It asserts that people should reveal the intrinsicness of their subconscious mind to be able to see the existing facts and reality from a new perspective and thereafter change them. Surrealists think that an upper reality, which is left deep in mind and ignored until then, can be uncovered through free associations and dream. With the techniques and methods, they apply, surrealists believe they can create their own unique, idiosyncratic and surreal world. For that purpose, they do not remain indifferent to the fantastic or the fantasy fiction. The seamless blend of reality and fiction in the fantastic genre transforms into the blend of reality and dreamy elements in the case of surrealism. fantasy for adults, adopted and suggested by Breton, coincides with the fantastic genre in many ways. It is also noteworthy that 18th Century Gothic novel is the source of inspiration for both the fantastic genre and the surrealist movement. In this sense, Surrealism, as in the fantastic genre, discusses some common themes like obscure places, dream, night, ghosts, and horror etc. Some similarities in the impact aimed to be created on the reader are also seen. And in both, there is a shared sense of duty about revealing what is unimaginable and impossible. This study aims to express how fantastic genre is perceived and handled by surrealists.

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