Author(s): Emrullah KALELI

The pilgrims who set out on foot, carried no weapon and provisioned the needs with the alms from benefactors all the way in medieval were called “palmers”. This type of pilgrim, wearing a rough cloack and a round felt hat, symbolized the purest status of the pilgrimage with the saddlebag over his shoulder and a staff in his hand. In that epoch, the most acceptable pilgrimage was to visit the Holy Sepulcher in Jerusalem. Together with the increase of interest in these visits, it was formed the wish to have Jerusalem between Christians. Western Christians formerly had been come in the shape of palmers, this time fronted to Jerusalem as armed pilgrims. As a justification of their these aggrassive attitudes, they refered to the so-called torments inflicted by Turks against the Christians. In this study, it is discussed the process regarding with the transmutation of an ordinary pilgrimage to the crusades.


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