THE ORIGIN OF PARMAK VURMA (TWO-HAND TAPPING) TECHNIQUE OF SAZ1 (BA?LAMA) *

Abstract

Author(s): Sinan AYYILDIZ, Erol PARLAK

Parmak vurma (two-hand tapping) technique consists of the fingers of both hands hammering and pulling the frets on the neck to produce sounds. Traditionally, parmak vurma technique was frequently used by Yörük-Turkmen communities of Teke region2 's to play their bo?az havas? pieces on the üçtelli (three-stringed), a small saz. The main tuning system of parmak vurma technique is the ba?lama düzeni. The traditional musical characteristics of parmak vurma technique can be understood to look melodic structure of bo?az havas? songs. In fact, Bo?az havas? is a vocal music and it often consists of melodic leaps. Parmak vurma technique is consistent to play these melodic leaps on üçtelli. Over time, the technique gained recognition as local artists migrated to cities. Especially ba?lama masters who have wider audiences outside the region got interested in this technique and transferred the parmak vurma technique to large-size sazs. The performance level of the technique became very advanced through academic and musical studies, and its recognition reached national, even international levels. This study is needed to explain the origin of parmak vurma technique.

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